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This months picture…

An ex LSWR Adams B4 0-4-0T No. 100 takes on water at the small sub shed at Canute Road Quay. The B4 is a McGowen white metal kit.

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The Southern Railway purchased 14 (plus one extra for spares) of these powerful, short wheel based locomotives from the United States Army Transportation Corps in 1946 for use within Southampton Docks to replace the ageing ex LSWR B4 0-4-0t.  They were built to US Army specification T1531, all bar one of the 14 were built by Vulcan Iron Works, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania; whist one, that became SR No.61 was built by H K Porter & Co Pittsburgh.

USA Tank No. 4326 in United States Army Transportation Corps livery and condition,  note: lack of side cab windows, porthole rear cab windows and coal bunker with coal rails. I use this Model Rail version as the basis of my No.71 below.

They were modified at at Eastleigh works to suit Southern Railway use including: adding steam heating, vacuum ejectors, sliding cab side windows, square instead of circular front and rear cab windows (which ironically gave them more of an American look than British but improved visibility from the cab), Ross ‘pop’ type safety valves, a whistle, additional lamp irons and new cylinder drain cocks.

Early condition No. 72 still with original cab front and rear windows and bunker but cab side windows fitted and weathered

Once the locomotives started to enter traffic, large roof-top ventilators were fitted, British regulators to replace the US-style pull-out one, extended coal bunkers increasing capacity from 26cwt to 30cwt, separate steam and vacuum brake controls and wooden tip-up seats.

No. 68 shows off the extended rear bunker, roiff ventilator and square rear cab windows

It should be noted that engines entered service before all these modifications were totally completed and some locomotives did not receive all the modifications into early British Railways days, the last being October 1948..

Later in British Railways days they were fitted additional hand rails and an additional flat fold down platform beneath the front of the smokebox that folded down over the buffers to assist staff cleaning out the smokbox.

A view of No. 68 suitably weathered on Canute Road Quay

Post 1957 thet were also fitted with wireless two way cab radios, a whip aerial on the drivers side cab sheet and a steam driven turbine generator to power them. These steam generators were in fact second hand having been previously fitted to the various T9 and L11 class locomotives that were fitted with them when fitted for oil-firing in 1947/8.

No. 30064 in later BR livery and condition showing revised handrails and fold down front platform

Six of the class were later transferred to departmental stock and could be found at locations such Guildford shed and Meldon Quarry. They were eventually replaced at Southampton by the Class 07 diesel shunters. Withdrawal of the class took place between 1964 and 1967. Foiur survive into preservation, along with one similar ex USATC locomotive from Yugoslavia that was never in SR /BR(s) service.

Another view of No. 68 on Canute Road Quay

Those pictured on this post are based on the excellent ready to run model commissioned by Model Rail Magazine by Bachmann. Dapol have produced the ex LSWR B4 0-4-0t that the USA tanks replaced and Heljan have now also produced the 07 Class diesels that displaced the USA from Southampton docks. All of which are very suitable for my Canute Road Quay layout. See my exhibition diary page here to see where Canute Road Quay can be seen next.

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First announced back in November 2017 the Heljan 07 Class has now arrived and along with the Dapol ex LSWR B4 0-4-0t and the Model Rail / Bachmann USA 0-6-0t nearly completes the line of regular shunting locomotives used at Southampton Docks. A number of of other classes were also often also regularly seen at the docks including the ex LBSC E1 class now to be produced by Model Rail / Rapido, although this is a couple of years off yet.  This Heljan 07 Class will certainly look the part on Canute Road Quay when I run it in a later period guise.

The USA 0-6-0 tanks had been in service within Southampton Docks since 1946, Due to the various tight curves within Southampton Docks utilising existing Diesel shunters such as the EE 350HP, later 09 class was not going to be an option. Therefore in 1962 Fourteen 0-6-0 diesel-electric shunting 275HP locomotives specifically for use in Southampton Docks were purchased by British Railways from Ruston Paxman.  They had a wheelbase of only 8 ft 7½ in, compared with 11 ft 6 in for an 08. With their high well glazed cab offset between long and short bonnets they certainly had their own distinctive character. Whilst very successful within the confines of the docks and shunting duties they had a habit of suffering from hot axle boxes when used on trip working so they were not often seen on the main line.

The locomotives were numbered D2985 to D2998, then were allocated numbers 07001 to 07014 under TOPS renumbering but not all locomotives remained in service long enough to be renumbered. Initially, the locomotives were finished in dark green livery and carried British Railways badges of the type use on coaching stock. All were later painted blue.

f=”https://grahammuz.com/2018/07/29/the-heljan-07-class-0-6-0-southampton-docks-fleet-almost-complete/d2985_1/” rel=”attachment wp-att-8055″> The RH side view of the Heljan 07 Class D2985[/capt

The Heljan model is initially released in two versions, representing them as built non air braked and as later modified with air brakes, additional extra cabinet, air receiver compartment and high level air pipes:

Version 1 non-air braked:
– 2900  D2985 BR Green
– 2901  D2990 BR Green
– 2902  D2992 BR Blue
– 2903  07010  BR Blue

grahammuz.com/2018/07/29/the-heljan-07-class-0-6-0-southampton-docks-fleet-almost-complete/d2985_2/” rel=”attachment wp-att-8057″> The LH side of the Heljan 07 Class note the lubricator linkage driven off the front axle[/caption]Vers

Version 2 air-braked:
– 2910  2993  BR Blue
– 2911  07005 BR Blue
– 2912 (07001) Peakstone yellow
– 2913 (07003) British Industrial Sand white

I will let the pictures demonstrate how well Heljan have captured the look of the prototype. It features a multi part injection  moulded body with fine etched front and rear nose grills on a heavy diecast chassis. Separately fitted items include: metal handrails, sprung buffers, windscreen wipers, pipework, roof mounted air horns and factory fitted screw link couplings.  The cab interior, clearly visible through the large flash glazed windows,  is also nicely  moulded and includes driver desks and a separate hand brake wheel and the dials in the instrument desk have been picked out accordingly, it certainly needs the inclusion of a driver to complete the look.

com/2018/07/29/the-heljan-07-class-0-6-0-southampton-docks-fleet-almost-complete/d2985_3/” rel=”attachment wp-att-8059″> A 3/4 view of the Heljan 07 Class

Underneath the

[/caption]Underneath the body the chassis features the correct air cylinders, sand boxes, sand pipes, other pipework and brake gear. Also fitted is a working lubricator linkage on the left hand side (when viewed long bonnet forward.
The 07 class had both lamps and lamp irons for all the standard SR 6 positions and these are faithfully represented on the model the two lamps above the buffer beam illuminate one red and one white in the direction of travel which is the correct lamp indication when shunting.

018/07/29/the-heljan-07-class-0-6-0-southampton-docks-fleet-almost-complete/d2985_4/” rel=”attachment wp-att-8061″> a 3/4 view of the short bonnet end of the Heljan 07 Class[/caption]Included with the m

Included with the model are disc, including those with duty numbers, as used within Southampton Docks,  pre-printed on to one side. Shanked Tension Lock couplings are included for fitting in the NEM socket on the chassis, I found these to be too low and extend too far out from the buffer beam so have changed mine for shorter non cranked versions. For those not using the tension lock couplings the factor fitted screw link couplings are nicely modelled and suitable for use, a nice touch is that Heljan have also supplied a  blanking plug moulding that clips into the NEM pocket to fill the gap in the buffer beam.

07/29/the-heljan-07-class-0-6-0-southampton-docks-fleet-almost-complete/d2985_cro_1/” rel=”attachment wp-att-8063″> D2985 is seen at rest on Canute Road Quay

Performance of my model

[/caption]Performance of my model straight out of the box was excellent and smooth at slow speeds, there is space within the ling bonnet for a six pin DCC decoder (this is accessed via the two underframe screws located at the front to be removed before sliding the cab upwards from followed by the long bonnet.

Overall this is an excellent model in looks, detail and performance and Heljan should be congratulated for taking on such a prototype and producing such a fine model. It is right on the button for those modelling dockside scene in and around Southampton such as my own Canute Road Quay and other rolling stock is currently being acquired and worked on to run the layout in the transition period between the USA tanks and the 07 Class so what this space.

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Ok it is not the proper Atlantic Coast Express , but I’m off for a much welcome summer break to a lovely island where the main airport code is coincidental ACE! Anywho, before I depart for some sun, sea, volcanoes and relaxation I will also leave you with a photo review and few very quick initial thoughts on the new Dapol ex LSWR Adams B4 0-4-0t in 00

Merchant Navy 21C6 complete with ACE headboard on Fisherton Sarum

The Atlantic Coast Express was probably the most misnamed of all the Southern Railway named trains but was a stroke of genius at the same time. Why misnamed you might ask, well of the ten different termini served by the train there was only one that was actually on the Atlantic Coast itself!  The genius of the name, however, a result of a competition run in the Southern Railway staff magazine in 1924 credited to Guard F. Rowland* of Woking, was its simple initials ‘ACE’.

Moving on to the Dapol ex LSWR Adams B4 0-4-0t, first announced in March 2014  it has now hit the retailers.

Dapol B4 No. 88

My immediate first impression is that the model is quite light, certainly lighter than recent small tank releases such as the Horny Peckett and the Hatton’s Andrew Barclay. Despite the lack of weight they have run nicely albeit briefly on Canute Road Quay.

A rear 3/4 view of No. 88

The B4s were not a large class but as usual were a minefield of subtle and not so subtle variations over time such as: cabs, boilers, chimneys and buffers.

A view of BR late crest version No. 30096. Note the larger buffers (none are sprung) and different style cab

Dapol have tooled for some of these variations but have also managed at first glance to achieve a few errors including: possibly the number of boiler bands, variation combinations not appropriate to the particular livery (such as buffer head sizes), missing injector, missing front middle lamp iron (as fitted to some prototypes at the base of the smokebox door) and the cab ventilation holes just under the roof line front and rear are raised mouldings rather than actual holes (a possible translation from CAD to tool issue).

B4s No. 30089 and 30096 front comparison

I also note that on the BR livery version the smokebox door number plate is unusually completely a transfer rather printing on a moulded or an etched plate (although this may possibly be an advantage to those like me that will be repainting into an earlier livery).

Rear cab comparison between No. 30096 and 30089

There is also a pronounced joint line apparent around the front of the smokebox.

Electrical Pick ups are, as you would expect and indeed necessary, wipers on all the rear of four wheels with an open slew wound five pole motor (rather than now more common can motors) driving the rear axle via a flywheel and gear tower.

A trio of B4s

It also features a firebox glow which is quite dim, especially at low speeds on DC but might appear consistently brighter on DCC. No separate items are supplied for the owner to fit, with thee exception of a  unique very wide replacement tension lock coupling bar, but I am not convinced it will work well in conjunction with the lightly sprung close coupling NEM pocket.

Despite the initial comments above, I am sure the Dapol B4 will still be popular with most SR modellers and from normal viewing distances looks ok and runs well.

Normal service of posting will be back in a couple of weeks, with perhaps more on the B4 and also some views of the Heljan 07.

 *footnote, it is unfortunate to record that Guard Roland although based at Woking at the time of the competition moved shortly after to Torrington (one of the ACE’s destinations) but sadly just six years later became the only person to killed on the North Cornwall Railway due to a shunting accident.

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It has been a busy period recent both in the arrival of some new ready to run models such as the Hatton’s ex SECR P class 0-6-0t,  see my review here, and also their 14″ Andrew Barclay along with some time spent applying some finishing decals prior to weathering of a couple of kit built models namely the ex LBSC D1  0-4-2t and ex SECR S Class 0-6-0st. All these models still require a little work, including in some cases repainting and numbering and also weathering. Some of you may have seen some of these pictures before on my twitter feed. 

SECR P Class 754 in WW1 grey livery

With the arrival of the Hatton’s P class I took the opportunity to temporarily move the location of Canute Road Quay further South east and backdate to earlier than my usual 1946-49 modelling period, including some of my earlier style wagons that do not usually get an outing. It is one of the advantages of having such a layout that has no real identifiable items to identify the actual time period.

ex SECR P Class 1555

Eventually to suit my preferred time period: No. 754 will be repainted and numbered to become  her later identity of No. 1557 in SR post war black livery, being one of the first two built with the slightly higher cab; whilst No. 1555 will be renumbered and lettered as No. 31555 with full ‘British Railways’ Sunshine lettering to represent her condition in early 1948.

ex LBSC D1 Class No. 2357

The ex LBSC D1 0-4-2t is built from a South Eastern Fincast white metal kit. In fact a couple of examples of the class, including No. 2286 are know to have been used at Southampton docks for a while in mid 1930s up to WW2 so I am not actually stretching history too far by running my model of no. 2357 on Canute Road Quay albeit in a slightly later post war-time period, although she was technically allocated to Ashford at the time so she is obviously on loan.

Andrew Barclay 14″ before being modified with wooden dumb buffers and weathered

The Hatton’s Andrew Barclay 14″ 0-6-0t will be modified to replace the existing buffers with wooden dumb buffers, have the WTT branding stripped off and suitably weathered to represent the condition of such locomotives that were used on some of the other lines and private wharfs that existed in and around Southampton  area especially along the River Itchen.
I also have a Hornby Peckett on order, that I will likewise modify with wooden dumb buffers to give some further variety to locomotives at Canute Road Quay and differ from the standard RTR versions. I will post details of this conversion in due course.

ex SECR S Class No. 1685

The ex SECR S Class 0-6-0 saddle tank No. 1685 is also built from South Eastern Fincast white metal kit. The S Class was in fact only one locomotive due to a requirement for a heavy shunter at Richborough Port during WW1 and so was converted from a C Class 0-6-0 tender locomotive, after the war she was transferred to Bricklayers Arms until withdrawal in 1951. Like the ex LBSC D1 she must be on load to Canute Road Quay.

ex LSWR B4 Class No. 100

With Canute Road Quay’s appearance looming at the excellent Railex exhibition organised by friends at the Princes Risborough and District MRC, being held at Stoke Mandeville Stadium, Stadium Approach, Aylesbury, Bucks, HP21 9PP on the 26th and 27th May 

USA Tank No. 70

I have started to return Canute Road Quay to its intended Southampton-ish location and the ex LSWR B4 0-4-0 and USA 0-6-0 tanks have returned along with suitable rolling stock and uncouplers etc all wheel cleaned, tried and tested in readiness for what I know will be an enjoyable weekend playing trains, shunting and talking.

USA Tank No.68

If you are planning to visit Railex please make sure you come and say hello. I am stand 61, towards the right hand back corner (as you come into the hall) and will ably assisted by friend and fellow modeller Simon Paley for the weekend, he being the much younger looking operator!

I hope this post has been of interest and as stated above it does show the advantages of having a layout that is not an actual real location but endeavours to capture a flavour and also is not easily identifiable to a specific time period. I also intend to occasionally run in a later 1960s period with a few diesel shunters so more on this in a future post.

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This months picture…

An ex LSWR Adams B4 0-4-0T No. 100 shunts the loco coal to the small sub shed at Canute Road Quay. The B4 is a McGowen white metal kit.

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Canute Road Quay will be making an appearance at The Model Railway Club’s open day / mini exhibition next Sunday 10th December at their London Keen House club rooms.

USA 0-6-0t No 72 still with original style bunker and cab shunts past a warwell wagon loaed with a Sherman M4 tank at Canute Road Quay.

The Model Railway Club’s own Layouts: Copenhagen Fields (2mm FS), Empire Mills (EM), Lacey Dale (N) and Putnam Yard (HO) will be operating.  In addition to Canute Road Quay a couple more visiting layouts will be in attendance namely: Rixworth Green (P4) – 1920s Southern and Elkington-on-Sea Tramways – inpsired by the 1950s British seaside resorts.

Other displays include the MRC’s 00 and 0 gauge teams running stock from their layout projects on the test tracks. There will also be a selection of pre-owned models available from The MRC shop, and of course refreshments (including a selection of freshly made rolls and Greene King beers) will be available.

The min exhibition with be open from 11am to 4pm, admission is Adults £3, accompanied children: Free. Entry for MRC members is free upon presentation of a current membership card.  Please note: there are stairs to all rooms.

I am not actually a member of the The Model Railway Club so I feel it has been a great honour to have been asked to take Canute Road Quay along and I am very much looking forward to visiting Keen House and exhibiting Canute Road Quay. Please do drop by if you can and say hello, you might even end up with a controller in your hand…

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